A winter annual mixture that combines the strengths of Trical 815 or Trical 336 triticale, and Italian or Annual Ryegrass. The triticale adds agronomic stability for those growers not experienced with growing ryegrasses and more bulk for easier silo filling and unloading. The ryegrass in the mixture adds higher fiber digestibility and sugar content. Our 2006 trial data resulted in higher NDF digestibility (71.5% for Triticale Plus vs. 66.5% for straight TriCal over 24 hours). Sugar was 16.0 vs 14.4. This productive mixture can be used as a double crop following BMR Sorghum sudan or corn silage. Also excellent to seed into thinning alfalfa to get one or two spring cuttings.
- Easier to cut with cutter bar than ryegrass alone
- Much easier to blow into upright silo, due to more stems
- Due to its fast growth, can be sown later in the fall
- More winter-hardy
The TRICAL® breeding program has been developed over the last 30 years with a focus on quality. The triticale varieties Byron Seeds have selected are the best in the industry with a research and breeding program to back them. These varieties have been tested extensively to ensure that we have the highest fiber digestibility possible while still maintaining maximum yield. We have selected these varieties because we understand that high quality forage is imperative to stay competitive in the dairy/beef industry.
Trical® Plus Fall can be harvested as both haylage and pasture. They have been bred to have a wider harvest window than other small grains. The optimum harvest time is at the flag leaf stage (pre-boot) for dairy quality haylage. At this stage and with adequate fertility, expected DM production is around two tons dry matter(DM). At this stage expected Milk/Ton ratings are in the same levels as corn silage! Yield can double as the crop moves on to heifer quality. When cutting, use the wide-swath method for rapid dry down and to allow for higher sugar and DM retention.
Trical® Plus Fall are seeded at 70 to 100 lbs per acre. Seed should be placed 1/2 to 3/4″ deep for earlier plantings. A deeper seed placement (1 1/2″) is required as the planting season reaches mid-September. For Triticale Plus, a seed depth of 1/2″ is mandated by the smaller Ryegrass seed. Fertility needs are only about 30 units of N in the Fall. Top dress an additional 100-150 units early in the Spring for top yield and protein levels.
Triticale Plus Fall will roughly be ready to harvest a one to two weeks before the first haylage harvest – since the aggressive ryegrass growth and that winter small grains start spring growth sooner than alfalfa and grasses. The ryegrass will start heading before the triticale does, so when the first ryegrass heads start to pop out, that’s when it should be harvested. You wait until the ryegrass starts to head because there is a 5 to 10 day perfect harvest window for winter triticale, that is once it reaches the flag leaf growth stage (seed head will still be in the stem, somewhere between half and three-quarters of the way up the stem). If unable to get in the field, once the winter triticale seed heads are visible at the top of the stem it has reached boot stage and forage quality will begin a rapidly decline. If winter triticale goes beyond flag stage, it will still make a great feed for heifers and dry cows and will continue to increase in tonnage up to the late boot stage. Cutting the triticale one inch or less at these growth stages usually prevents any regrowth. The ryegrass on the other hand will persist so it will need tilled or sprayed to remove. Note, when followed by another crop, Triticale does have some allelopathic effects, which can hinder some small seeds from establishing. There is no problem following with soybeans, corn, or sorghum, but something to be aware of.
Lay the silage in as wide of a swath as possible when cutting, this will increase the drying speed. The swaths should then be tedded after this initial drying time to expose the bottom and inside of the swaths to the sun and wind since only the outer swath dries quickly. It is very important to SLOW down when tedding, trying to move tons per acre of wet silage is quite a task. After tedding, an even layer should be present across the field.
Winter triticale silage should be put in the bag or bunker the same day as harvest if possible. Laying a wide swath and tedding will greatly reduce the silage moisture, especially on sunny and windy days. Even with lower dry matter silages (~30% DM), same-day ensiling has generally reduced the occurrence of butyric (black/slimy) layers in the silage. Initial research has shown that as the temperatures fall overnight, respiration (micro-organisms breaking down the silage into CO2) increases and leads to more spoilage. Inoculating with a homolactic bacteria can also help improve fermentation and decrease spoilage (thanks Cornell for these details).
Tags: Byron Seeds, Fall, Plus, Seeds, Triticale, Triticale Plus Fall Byron