The Trical 815 and Trical 336 varieties are to be fall planted and require vernalization to reach maximum yield. Late summer plantings (August in the Upper Midwest) can yield a smaller fall crop and then its expected large yield in the next spring. Trical® compares very favorably with cereal rye as the Trical® will have a much larger root system (to add organic matter) and a lot denser stand (increased yield at the same maturity, plus a much larger harvest window). Cereal rye can be planted a little later than Trical® (same planting times as winter wheart).
- Very leafy and highly digestible
- Winter hardy
- More tonnage
- Better quality than wheat or rye
- Drys out spring soil
The Organic TRICAL® breeding program has been developed over the last 30 years with a focus on quality. The triticale varieties Byron Seeds have selected are the best in the industry with a research and breeding program to back them. These varieties have been tested extensively to ensure that we have the highest fiber digestibility possible while still maintaining maximum yield. We have selected these varieties because we understand that high quality forage is imperative to stay competitive in the dairy/beef industry.
Trical 815 and Trical 336 can be harvested as both haylage and pasture. They have been bred to have a wider harvest window than other small grains. The optimum harvest time is at the flag leaf stage (pre-boot) for dairy quality haylage. At this stage and with adequate fertility, expected DM production is around two tons dry matter(DM). At this stage expected Milk/Ton ratings are in the same levels as corn silage! Yield can double as the crop moves on to heifer quality. When cutting, use the wide-swath method for rapid dry down and to allow for higher sugar and DM retention. Triticale is
Seeding rates for Trical® 336 and 815 are 100 to 125 lbs per acre. Seed should be placed 1/2 to 3/4″ deep for earlier plantings. A deeper seed placement (1 1/2″) is required as the planting season reaches mid-September. For Triticale Plus, a seed depth of 1/2″ is mandated by the smaller Ryegrass seed. Fertility needs are only about 30 units of N in the Fall. Top dress an additional 100-150 units early in the Spring for top yield and protein levels.
Winter triticale harvest should hah2pen about a week before the first haylage harvest since winter small grains start spring growth sooner than alfalfa and grasses. There will be about a 5 to 10 day window to harvest winter triticale once it reaches the flag leaf growth stage (seed head will still be in the stem, somewhere between half and three-quarters of the way up the stem). Once the seed heads are visible at the top of the stem the triticale has reach boot stage and forage quality will start to rapidly decline. If winter triticale goes beyond flag stage, it will still make a great feed for heifers and dry cows and will continue to increase in tonnage up to the late boot stage. Cutting the triticale 1 inch or less at these growth stages usually prevents any regrowth.
Laying the triticale in as wide of a swath as possible when cutting will increase the drying speed for the first 3-4 hours. The swaths should then be tedded after this initial drying time to expose the bottom and inside of the swaths to the sun and wind since only the outer 3/4 inch of swath dries quickly. It is very important to SLOW down when tedding, trying to move tons per acre of wet triticale silage is quite a task. After tedding, an even layer should be present across the field.
Winter triticale silage should be put in the bag or bunker the same day as harvest if possible. Laying a wide swath and tedding will greatly reduce the silage moisture, especially on sunny and windy days. Even with lower dry matter silages (~30% DM), same-day ensiling has generally reduced the occurrence of butyric (black/slimy) layers in the silage. Initial research has shown that as the temperatures fall overnight, respiration (micro-organisms breaking down the silage into CO2) increases and leads to more spoilage. Inoculating with a homolactic bacteria can also help improve fermentation and decrease spoilage. (Harvest and Ensiling text from Cornell University).
Tags: 815/336, Byron Seeds, Seeds, Trical, Trical 815/336 Byron